Objective To assess the relationship between SHBG and 18 other hormonal and metabolic parameters in well characterized, normally cycling premenopausal women. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting University general clinical research center. Subject(s) A total of 319 young healthy women with ovulatory menstrual cycles. Intervention(s) None. Main Outcome Measure(s) Midfollicular serum SHBG concentrations. Result(s) In our final linear regression model, SHBG was negatively associated with bioavailable T and positively associated with adiponectin, associations that were independent from other parameters. SHBG was also positively associated with estrone sulfate, but only when taking into account confounding variables. Unexpectedly, there was no straightforward relationship between SHBG and insulin resistance according to homeostasis-model assessment. Conclusion(s) Our results highlight the link between androgen action, as reflected by bioavailable T, and circulating SHBG concentrations in all premenopausal women and speak to the importance of the relationship between SHBG and adiponectin, which is at least in part independent from androgen action. Clinical Trial Registration Number NCT00393172.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute grant 1U54CA116849-010003. The WISER study was funded by National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute grant 1U54CA116849-010003, Department of Defense/United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs award no. W81XWH-08-1-0301, and National Institutes of Health/National Center for Research Resources grant M01-RR00400. The authors acknowledge the General Clinical Research Center at the University of Minnesota, the study administrative staff, and study participants.
© 2015 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc.
- Sex hormone-binding globulin
- insulin resistance