Cross-resistance and redundant killing of Vip3Aa resistant populations of Helicoverpa zea on purified Bt proteins and pyramided Bt crops

Haley Kennedy, David L. Kerns, Graham P. Head, Fei Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pyramiding Bt proteins is a key strategy to delay insect resistance development. However, the durability of pyramided Bt crops for controlling insect pests is threatened by cross-resistance among Bt proteins, which can ultimately contribute to resistance development. The corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea, is a major agricultural pest of pyramided Bt crops. Previous studies have examined cross-resistance and redundant killing of Cry resistance in H. zea, but such information is lacking for Vip3Aa resistance in this pest. Here, we evaluated cross-resistance and redundant killing of Vip3Aa-resistant H. zea to purified Bt proteins, as well as Bt corn and Bt cotton. RESULTS: Diet bioassays demonstrated high susceptibility of Vip3Aa-resistant H. zea to Cry1Ac, Cry1A.105, and Cry2Ab2 purified proteins. No Vip3Aa-susceptible, -heterozygous, or -resistant H. zea could survive on pyramided Bt corn containing Cry1 and/or Cry2 proteins. Complete redundant killing was observed in pyramided Bt corn containing Cry1 and/or Cry2 proteins against Vip3Aa resistance in H. zea. Vip3Aa-susceptible, -heterozygous, and -resistant H. zea exhibited survival rates ranging from 0.0% to 22.5% on pyramided Bt cotton with Cry1 and/or Cry2 proteins. Incomplete to complete redundant killing was observed for Vip3Aa-resistant H. zea on pyramided Bt cotton containing Cry1 and/or Cry2 proteins. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that Vip3Aa-resistant H. zea does not exhibit positive cross-resistance to Cry1 or Cry2 proteins. In addition, most pyramided Bt crops showed complete or nearly complete redundant killing of Vip3Aa-resistant H. zea. These results indicate that a pyramiding strategy would often be effective for managing Vip3Aa resistance in regions of the United States where H. zea has not evolved resistance to Cry1 and Cry2 toxins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5173-5179
Number of pages7
JournalPest management science
Volume79
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.

Keywords

  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • cross-resistance
  • Helicoverpa zea
  • resistance
  • Vip3Aa

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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