Cross-layer congestion and contention control for wireless ad hoc networks

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40 Scopus citations


We consider joint congestion and contention control for multihop wireless ad hoc networks, where the goal is to find optimal end-to-end source rates at the transport layer and per-link persistence probabilities at the medium access control (MAC) layer to maximize the aggregate source utility. The primal formulation of this problem is non-convex and non-separable. Under certain conditions, by applying appropriate transformations and introducing new variables, we obtain a decoupled and dual-decomposable convex formulation. For general nonlogarithmic concave utilities, we develop a novel dual-based distributed algorithm using the subgradient method. In this algorithm, sources at the transport layer adjust their log rates to maximize their net benefits, while links at the MAC layer select transmission probabilities proportional to their conceived contribution to the system reward. The two layers are connected and coordinated by link prices. Our solutions enjoy the benefits of cross-layer optimization while maintaining the simplicity and modularity of the traditional layered architecture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received July 27, 2006; accepted November 27, 2006. The associate editor coordinating the review of this letter and approving it for publication was Q. Zhang. The work in this paper was prepared through collaborative participation in the Communications and Networks Consortium sponsored by the U. S. Army Research Laboratory under the Collaborative Technology Alliance Program, Cooperative Agreement DAAD19-01-2-0011. The U. S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation thereon.


  • Ad-hoc networks
  • Cross-layer design
  • Optimization
  • Random access
  • Wireless networks


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