CropPol: A dynamic, open and global database on crop pollination

Alfonso Allen-Perkins, Ainhoa Magrach, Matteo Dainese, Lucas A. Garibaldi, David Kleijn, Romina Rader, James R. Reilly, Rachael Winfree, Ola Lundin, Carley M. McGrady, Claire Brittain, David J. Biddinger, Derek R. Artz, Elizabeth Elle, George Hoffman, James D. Ellis, Jaret Daniels, Jason Gibbs, Joshua W. Campbell, Julia BrokawJulianna K. Wilson, Keith Mason, Kimiora L. Ward, Knute B. Gundersen, Kyle Bobiwash, Larry Gut, Logan M. Rowe, Natalie K. Boyle, Neal M. Williams, Neelendra K. Joshi, Nikki Rothwell, Robert L. Gillespie, Rufus Isaacs, Shelby J. Fleischer, Stephen S. Peterson, Sujaya Rao, Theresa L. Pitts-Singer, Thijs Fijen, Virginie Boreux, Maj Rundlöf, Blandina Felipe Viana, Alexandra Maria Klein, Henrik G. Smith, Riccardo Bommarco, Luísa G. Carvalheiro, Taylor H. Ricketts, Jaboury Ghazoul, Smitha Krishnan, Faye E. Benjamin, João Loureiro, Sílvia Castro, Nigel E. Raine, Gerard Arjen de Groot, Finbarr G. Horgan, Juliana Hipólito, Guy Smagghe, Ivan Meeus, Maxime Eeraerts, Simon G. Potts, Claire Kremen, Daniel García, Marcos Miñarro, David W. Crowder, Gideon Pisanty, Yael Mandelik, Nicolas J. Vereecken, Nicolas Leclercq, Timothy Weekers, Sandra A.M. Lindstrom, Dara A. Stanley, Carlos Zaragoza-Trello, Charlie C. Nicholson, Jeroen Scheper, Carlos Rad, Evan A.N. Marks, Lucie Mota, Bryan Danforth, Mia Park, Antônio Diego M. Bezerra, Breno M. Freitas, Rachel E. Mallinger, Fabiana Oliveira da Silva, Bryony Willcox, Davi L. Ramos, Felipe D. da Silva e Silva, Amparo Lázaro, David Alomar, Miguel A. González-Estévez, Hisatomo Taki, Daniel P. Cariveau, Michael P.D. Garratt, Diego N. Nabaes Jodar, Rebecca I.A. Stewart, Daniel Ariza, Matti Pisman, Elinor M. Lichtenberg, Christof Schüepp, Felix Herzog, Martin H. Entling, Yoko L. Dupont, Charles D. Michener, Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich, Katherine L.W. Burns, Montserrat Vilà, Andrew Robson, Brad Howlett, Leah Blechschmidt, Frank Jauker, Franziska Schwarzbach, Maike Nesper, Tim Diekötter, Volkmar Wolters, Helena Castro, Hugo Gaspar, Brian A. Nault, Isabelle Badenhausser, Jessica D. Petersen, Teja Tscharntke, Vincent Bretagnolle, D. Susan Willis Chan, Natacha Chacoff, Georg K.S. Andersson, Shalene Jha, Jonathan F. Colville, Ruan Veldtman, Jeferson Coutinho, Felix J.J.A. Bianchi, Louis Sutter, Matthias Albrecht, Philippe Jeanneret, Yi Zou, Anne L. Averill, Agustin Saez, Amber R. Sciligo, Carlos H. Vergara, Elias H. Bloom, Elisabeth Oeller, Ernesto I. Badano, Gregory M. Loeb, Heather Grab, Johan Ekroos, Vesna Gagic, Saul A. Cunningham, Jens Åström, Pablo Cavigliasso, Alejandro Trillo, Alice Classen, Alice L. Mauchline, Ana Montero-Castaño, Andrew Wilby, Ben A. Woodcock, C. Sheena Sidhu, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Ioannis N. Vogiatzakis, José M. Herrera, Mark Otieno, Mary W. Gikungu, Sarah J. Cusser, Thomas Nauss, Lovisa Nilsson, Jessica Knapp, Jorge J. Ortega-Marcos, José A. González, Juliet L. Osborne, Rosalind Blanche, Rosalind F. Shaw, Violeta Hevia, Jane Stout, Anthony D. Arthur, Betina Blochtein, Hajnalka Szentgyorgyi, Jin Li, Margaret M. Mayfield, Michał Woyciechowski, Patrícia Nunes-Silva, Rosana Halinski de Oliveira, Steve Henry, Benno I. Simmons, Bo Dalsgaard, Katrine Hansen, Tuanjit Sritongchuay, Alison D. O'Reilly, Fermín José Chamorro García, Guiomar Nates Parra, Camila Magalhães Pigozo, Ignasi Bartomeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Seventy five percent of the world's food crops benefit from insect pollination. Hence, there has been increased interest in how global change drivers impact this critical ecosystem service. Because standardized data on crop pollination are rarely available, we are limited in our capacity to understand the variation in pollination benefits to crop yield, as well as to anticipate changes in this service, develop predictions, and inform management actions. Here, we present CropPol, a dynamic, open, and global database on crop pollination. It contains measurements recorded from 202 crop studies, covering 3,394 field observations, 2,552 yield measurements (i.e., berry mass, number of fruits, and fruit density [kg/ha], among others), and 47,752 insect records from 48 commercial crops distributed around the globe. CropPol comprises 32 of the 87 leading global crops and commodities that are pollinator dependent. Malus domestica is the most represented crop (32 studies), followed by Brassica napus (22 studies), Vaccinium corymbosum (13 studies), and Citrullus lanatus (12 studies). The most abundant pollinator guilds recorded are honey bees (34.22% counts), bumblebees (19.19%), flies other than Syrphidae and Bombyliidae (13.18%), other wild bees (13.13%), beetles (10.97%), Syrphidae (4.87%), and Bombyliidae (0.05%). Locations comprise 34 countries distributed among Europe (76 studies), North America (60), Latin America and the Caribbean (29), Asia (20), Oceania (10), and Africa (7). Sampling spans three decades and is concentrated on 2001–2005 (21 studies), 2006–2010 (40), 2011–2015 (88), and 2016–2020 (50). This is the most comprehensive open global data set on measurements of crop flower visitors, crop pollinators and pollination to date, and we encourage researchers to add more datasets to this database in the future. This data set is released for non-commercial use only. Credits should be given to this paper (i.e., proper citation), and the products generated with this database should be shared under the same license terms (CC BY-NC-SA).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3614
JournalEcology
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
2017‐2018 Belmont Forum and BiodivERsA joint call for research proposals, under the BiodivScen ERA‐Net COFUND programme, and with the funding organisations AEI, NWO, ECCyT and NSF Funding information

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Ecological Society of America.

Keywords

  • agricultural management
  • bees
  • crop production
  • flower visiting insects
  • pollination
  • pollinator biodiversity

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