Critical velocities and phase slips in superfluid 4He flow through a 2 x 2 /μm aperture

C. A. Lindensmith, J. A. Flaten, W. Zimmermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Ac measurements of the critical velocity behavior of superfluid 4Ile flow through a 2 × 2 pm square aperture in a 0.1 (tm thick titanium foil have been made at temperatures between 0.36 and 2.10 K at frequencies which vary with temperature from 19 to 11 IIz. Single 2ir phase slips are clearly resolved over the entire temperature range. These slips define a critical velocity that decreases nearly linearly with increasing temperature. Whereas below 1.0 K the width of the observed critical velocity distribution is relatively temperature independent, above 1.0 K it decreases linearly with temperature toward zero near Ta-We also observe a smaller, less temperature-dependent, transient critical velocity induced by high drive levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-132
Number of pages2
JournalCzechoslovak Journal of Physics
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 1996


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