This review aimed to describe the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on symptoms of anxiety and depression in published health literature. Peer-reviewed journals with outcomes of anxiety and depression post-MBSR intervention for patients with cardiac disease in the English language were included in the review; six studies met the inclusion criteria. Participation in MBSR groups was found to significantly reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. Four studies showed statistically significant differences between MBSR and non-MBSR groups in anxiety outcomes out of all studies reviewed. All studies of depression showed improvement, although different lengths, frequencies, and durations of MBSR programs were employed. This review provides evidence for the beneficial effects of MBSR on symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with heart disease. Based on the positive study results, MBSR warrants further study among patients with cardiovascular disease. Further, MBSR has shown promise to benefit numerous populations of anxious or depressed patients encountered in clinical practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Asia Life Sciences|
|State||Published - May 1 2018|
- Heart disease
- Mindfulness-based stress reduction