Criterion-Related Validity: Assessing the Value of Subscores

Mark L. Davison, Ernest C. Davenport, Yu Feng Chang, Kory Vue, Shiyang Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Criterion-related profile analysis (CPA) can be used to assess whether subscores of a test or test battery account for more criterion variance than does a single total score. Application of CPA to subscore evaluation is described, compared to alternative procedures, and illustrated using SAT data. Considerations other than validity and reliability are discussed, including broad societal goals (e.g., affirmative action), fairness, and ties in expected criterion predictions. In simulation data, CPA results were sensitive to subscore correlations, sample size, and the proportion of criterion-related variance accounted for by the subscores. CPA can be a useful component in a thorough subscore evaluation encompassing subscore reliability, validity, distinctiveness, fairness, and broader societal goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-279
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Educational Measurement
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 by the National Council on Measurement in Education.


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