Criers, liars, and manipulators: Probation officers' views of girls

Emily Gaarder, Nancy Rodriguez, Marjorie S. Zatz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This study examines the perceptions of girls held by juvenile probation officer, psychologists, and others involved in juvenile court decision making. Through qualitative analysis of girls' probation case files and indepth interviews with juvenile probation officers, we discuss the social construction of gender, race, culture, and class. Our findings suggest that in an environment marked by scarce resom·ces, gender and racialiethnic stereotypes leave girls few options for treatment and services in the juvenile court. Some probation officers expressed distaste for working with girls and had little understanding of culturally or gender-specific programming. Others were frustrated by the lack of programming options for girls in the state. Based on our findings, we question whether the current ideology or structure of juvenile probation can nurture a holistic approach to justice for girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFeminist Theories of Crime
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781315094113
ISBN (Print)9780754629719
StatePublished - Jul 5 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Meda Chesney-Lind and Merry Morash 2011. All rights reserved.


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