Creating widely accessible spatial interfaces: Mobile VR for managing persistent pain

David Schroeder, Fedor Korsakov, Joseph Jolton, Francis J. Keefe, Alex Haley, Daniel F Keefe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Using widely accessible VR technologies, researchers have implemented a series of multimodal spatial interfaces and virtual environments. The results demonstrate the degree to which we can now use low-cost (for example, mobile-phone based) VR environments to create rich virtual experiences involving motion sensing, physiological inputs, stereoscopic imagery, sound, and haptic feedback. Adapting spatial interfaces to these new platforms can open up exciting application areas for VR. In this case, the application area was in-home VR therapy for patients suffering from persistent pain (for example, arthritis and cancer pain). For such therapy to be successful, a rich spatial interface and rich visual aesthetic are particularly important. So, an interdisciplinary team with expertise in technology, design, meditation, and the psychology of pain collaborated to iteratively develop and evaluate several prototype systems. The video at demonstrates how the sine wave fitting responds to walking motions, for a walking-in-place application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6516502
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013


  • VR
  • computer graphics
  • meditation
  • pain management
  • spatial interfaces
  • virtual reality


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