Creating an imperial frontier: Archaeology of the formation of Rome's Danube borderland

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For investigating the formation of frontier zones, study of changes in small communities that constituted the majority of earlier populations provides a different perspective from a focus on major centers. A network model applied to settlement and cemetery sites on Rome's Danube River frontier in Bavaria, Germany, shows that many communities, through participation in regional and long-distance circulation systems, played significant roles in creating the dynamic and culturally heterogeneous character of that landscape. This approach offers a model applicable to analysis of the formation and functioning of frontier regions in all cultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-88
Number of pages40
JournalJournal of Archaeological Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
I thank the Faculty Summer Research Fellowship Program and the McKnight Summer Fellowships, both of the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota, for support of the research upon which this paper is based. For providing me useful books, offprints, manuscripts, and helpful advice, I thank Rosemarie Cordie-Hackenberg, Stephen L. Dyson, Bernd Engelhardt, Christof Flügel, Colin Haselgrove, J. D. Hill, Richard Hingley, Gyles Iannone, Herbert Koch, Karl Heinz Lenz, Martin Millett, Matthew L. Murray, Johannes Prammer, Michael M. Rind, Nico Roymans, Jane Webster, Willem J. H. Willems, Greg Woolf, and Werner Zanier. Siegmar von Schnurbein, Director of the Römisch-Germanische Kommission, kindly gave me permission to reproduce Fig. 5, for which I thank him. Gary M. Feinman and four reviewers gave me helpful suggestions on the first version of this paper, for which I am grateful.


  • Frontiers
  • Iron Age Europe
  • Networks
  • Roman Empire


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