Crackle noise in heated supersonic jets

Joseph W. Nichols, Sanjiva K. Lele, Frank E. Ham, Steve Martens, John T. Spyropoulos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations


Crackle noise from heated supersonic jets is characterized by the presence of strong positive pressure impulses resulting in a strongly skewed far-field pressure signal. These strong positive pressure impulses are associated with "N-shaped" waveforms involving a shock-like compression, and thus is very annoying to observers when it occurs. Unlike broadband shock-associated noise which dominates at upstream angles, crackle reaches a maximum at downstream angles associated with the peak jet noise directivity. Recent experiments [1] have shown that the addition of chevrons to the nozzle lip can significantly reduce crackle, especially in full-scale highpower tests. Because of these observations, it was conjectured that crackle is associated with coherent large scale flow structures produced by the baseline nozzle, and that the formation of these structures are interrupted by the presence of the chevrons, which leads to noise reduction. In particular, shocklets attached to large eddies are postulated as a possible aerodynamic mechanism for the formation of crackle. In this paper, we test this hypothesis through high-fidelity Large- Eddy Simulation (LES) of a hot supersonic jet of Mach number 1.56 and total temperature temperature ratio of 3.65. We use the LES solver "CharLES," developed by Cascade Technologies, Inc., to capture the turbulent jet plume on fullyunstructured meshes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME Turbo Expo 2012
Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2012
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
EventASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2012 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: Jun 11 2012Jun 15 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo


OtherASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2012


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