Crack-tip dislocation emission arrangements for equilibrium-III. Application to large applied stress intensities

P. G. Marsh, W. Zielinski, H. Huang, William W Gerberich

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Abstract

Bulk {100}<010> oriented Fe3 wt% Si single crystals have been evaluated with two types of experiments-a detailed TEM analysis of the dislocation structure found at a crack tip loaded to 17 MPa√m, and fracture toughness in the cleavage temperature transition range. Based on observations of crack-tip emitted dislocations along (112) and (112) planes, a quasi-equilibrium model based on Atkinson and Clement's discretized dislocation analysis modified to contain a tip emission condition is compared to both of these data sets. The first comparison verifies that less than 10% of the observed dislocation density is required for equilibrium, consistent with Weertman's hypothesis of redundant and necessary dislocation densities. The second comparison demonstrates that the crack-tip distance to the last dislocation emitted, while not really a dislocation free zone, is nevertheless critical to the understanding of the tip-emission condition. This is first modeled computationally and then shown that an analogous Mode I analytical formulation to the Mode II, III model of Weertman et al. [Acta metall. 31, 473 (1983)] describes how the local stress intensity, ktip, varies with yield stress and applied stress intensity. It is further shown that when ktip {slanted equal to or greater-than} kIG, the Griffith value, cleavage occurs and such a criterion holds over a wide temperature range where fracture toughness varies from 3 to 60 MPa√m. This forms the basis for plastically-induced cleavage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2883-2894
Number of pages12
JournalActa Metallurgica Et Materialia
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1992

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