CR1/2 is an important suppressor of Adenovirus-induced innate immune responses and is required for induction of neutralizing antibodies

S. S. Seregin, Y. A. Aldhamen, D. M. Appledorn, Nathan Schuldt, A. J. McBride, M. Bujold, S. S. Godbehere, A. Amalfitano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human complement receptors 1 and 2 are well described as important regulators of innate and adaptive immune responses, having pivotal roles in regulating complement activation (CR1) and B-cell maturation/ survival. In contrast, the role of the murine homologs of CR1 and CR2 (mCR1/2) have been primarily defined as modulating activation of the adaptive immune system, with very little evidence available about the role of mCR1/2 in regulating the innate immune responses to pathogens. In this paper, we confirm that mCR1/2 plays an important role in regulating both the innate and adaptive immune responses noted after Adenovirus (Ad)-mediated gene transfer. Our results uncovered a novel role of mCR1/2 in downregulating several complement-dependent innate immune responses. We also unveiled the mechanism underlying the complement-dependent induction of neutralizing antibodies to Ad capsids as a CR1/2-dependent phenomenon that correlates with B-cell activation. These results confirm that Ad interactions with the complement system are pivotal in understanding how to maximize the safety or potency of Ad-mediated gene transfer for both gene therapy and vaccine applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1245-1259
Number of pages15
JournalGene therapy
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'CR1/2 is an important suppressor of Adenovirus-induced innate immune responses and is required for induction of neutralizing antibodies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Seregin, S. S., Aldhamen, Y. A., Appledorn, D. M., Schuldt, N., McBride, A. J., Bujold, M., Godbehere, S. S., & Amalfitano, A. (2009). CR1/2 is an important suppressor of Adenovirus-induced innate immune responses and is required for induction of neutralizing antibodies. Gene therapy, 16(10), 1245-1259. https://doi.org/10.1038/gt.2009.77