Covariant structure of light-front wave functions and the behavior of hadronic form factors

Stanley J. Brodsky, John R. Hiller, Dae Sung Hwang, Vladimir A. Karmanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


We study the analytic structure of light-front wave functions (LFWFs) and its consequences for hadron form factors using an explicitly Lorentz-invariant formulation of the front form. The normal to the light front is specified by a general null vector [Formula Presented] The LFWFs with definite total angular momentum are eigenstates of a kinematic angular momentum operator and satisfy all Lorentz symmetries. They are analytic functions of the invariant mass squared of the constituents [Formula Presented] and the light-cone momentum fractions [Formula Presented] multiplied by invariants constructed from the spin matrices, polarization vectors, and [Formula Presented] These properties are illustrated using known nonperturbative eigensolutions of the Wick-Cutkosky model. We analyze the LFWFs introduced by Chung and Coester to describe static and low momentum properties of the nucleons. They correspond to the spin locking of a quark with the spin of its parent nucleon, together with a positive-energy projection constraint. These extra constraints lead to an anomalous dependence of form factors on Q rather than [Formula Presented] In contrast, the dependence of LFWFs on [Formula Presented] implies that hadron form factors are analytic functions of [Formula Presented] in agreement with dispersion theory and perturbative QCD. We show that a model incorporating the leading-twist perturbative QCD prediction is consistent with recent data for the ratio of proton Pauli and Dirac form factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2004


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