Coupling of biochar-mediated absorption and algal-bacterial system to enhance nutrients recovery from swine wastewater

Jiajia Yu, Hancui Hu, Xiaodan Wu, Ting Zhou, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan, Hongli Zheng

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Abstract

Algal-bacterial system (ABS) used in treatment of high-strength ammonium wastewaters receives more and more attentions. In this paper, biochar-mediated absorption (BMA) and ABS were applied to recover nutrients from swine wastewater (SW) with high-strength ammonium, respectively. The results showed that the BMA could recover ammonium from the SW, which mitigated ammonia toxicity to the ABS. The bacterial community diversity containing four phyla of bacteria was identified for the first time during nutrients recovery from the SW by the ABS. Proteobacteria and Firmicutes were the two most abundant phyla. A novel scheme for nutrients recovery from the SW by the coupled BMA-ABS method was proposed and evaluated. Nutrients recovery was obviously improved by the coupled BMA-ABS method with biomass concentration of 1.97 g L−1, and a NH4 +-N recovery efficiency of 96%, a total nitrogen recovery efficiency of 95%, a total phosphorus recovery efficiency of 96%, and a chemical oxygen demand recovery efficiency of 99%. The coupled BMA-ABS method could enhance nutrients recovery from the SW.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134935
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume701
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2020

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Keywords

  • Ammonium
  • Bacterial community
  • Chlorella vulgaris
  • Microalga
  • Modified biochar

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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