Coupled atmosphere-ice-ocean dynamics during Heinrich Stadial 2

Xiyu Dong, Gayatri Kathayat, Sune O. Rasmussen, Anders Svensson, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus, Hanying Li, Ashish Sinha, Yao Xu, Haiwei Zhang, Zhengguo Shi, Yanjun Cai, Carlos Pérez-Mejías, Jonathan Baker, Jingyao Zhao, Christoph Spötl, Andrea Columbu, Youfeng Ning, Nicolás M. Stríkis, Shitao Chen, Xianfeng WangAnil K. Gupta, Som Dutt, Fan Zhang, Francisco W. Cruz, Zhisheng An, R. Lawrence Edwards, Hai Cheng

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12 Scopus citations


Our understanding of climate dynamics during millennial-scale events is incomplete, partially due to the lack of their precise phase analyses under various boundary conditions. Here we present nine speleothem oxygen-isotope records from mid-to-low-latitude monsoon regimes with sub-centennial age precision and multi-annual resolution, spanning the Heinrich Stadial 2 (HS2) — a millennial-scale event that occurred at the Last Glacial Maximum. Our data suggests that the Greenland and Antarctic ice-core chronologies require +320- and +400-year adjustments, respectively, supported by extant volcanic evidence and radiocarbon ages. Our chronological framework shows a synchronous HS2 onset globally. Our records precisely characterize a centennial-scale abrupt “tropical atmospheric seesaw” superimposed on the conventional “bipolar seesaw” at the beginning of HS2, implying a unique response/feedback from low-latitude hydroclimate. Together with our observation of an early South American monsoon shift at the HS2 termination, we suggest a more active role of low-latitude hydroclimate dynamics underlying millennial events than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5867
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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