Couple resilience to economic pressure

Rand D. Conger, Martha A. Rueter, Glen H. Elder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

324 Scopus citations


Over 400 married couples participated in a 3-year prospective study of economic pressure and marital relations. The research (a) empirically evaluated the family stress model of economic stress influences on marital distress and (b) extended the model to include specific interactional characteristics of spouses hypothesized to protect against economic pressure. Findings provided support for the basic mediational model, which proposes that economic pressure increases risk for emotional distress, which, in turn, increases risk for marital conflict and subsequent marital distress. Regarding resilience to economic stress, high marital support reduced the association between economic pressure and emotional distress. In addition, effective couple problem solving reduced the adverse influence of marital conflict on marital distress. Overall, the findings provided substantial support for the extended family stress model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-71
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

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