China, the world's largest CO2 emitter, is continuing its long-term strategy to use transportation investments as a tool for development. With the expectation that transportation will contribute 30–40% of the total CO2 emissions in China in the near future, there is an imminent need to identify how the development of different transportation modes may have different long-term effects on CO2 emissions. Using time series data over the period of 1985–2013, this paper applies the combined autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) and vector error correction model (VECM) approach to identify short- and long-run causal relationships between CO2 emissions and mode-specific transportation development, including railway, road, airline, and inland waterway. We find that China's domestic expansions of road, airline, and waterway infrastructure lead to long-run increases in CO2 emissions. Among them, waterway has the strongest positive impact on CO2 emissions, followed by road. Despite a short-run, positive impact on CO2 emissions, railway expansion leads to long-run decreases in CO2 emissions. The results are especially encouraging for the central government of China given its long-standing and on-going efforts to expand railway infrastructure at the national level. Looking forward, it is recommended that China continues its national investments in railway infrastructure to achieve both environment and economy goals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment|
|State||Published - Dec 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research is supported by the Jiangsu Province Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant BK20151464 ]; and the National Natural Science Foundation of China [ 61503201 ].
- CO emissions
- Causal relationships
- Mode-specific transportation development
- Time series