Costs associated with office visits for diarrhea in infants and toddlers

Pablo Avendaño, David O. Matson, John Long, Stephen Whitney, Christine C. Matson, Larry K. Pickering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determined costs associated with diarrhea in a <36-month-old ambulatory population. Children with acute diarrhea were enrolled during the rotavirus season at three centers. Questionnaires to assess costs of both medical and nonmedical factors were administered at the enrollment visit and 1 week later. Office computer records were reviewed to identify all visits by children with diarrhea during 1 year. Fifty-one patients were enrolled. The average cost per episode of diarrhea was $289, which included: $144, missed work; $57, office visits; $23, laboratory tests; $21, medications; $18, changed diet/oral rehydration solutions; $15, travel; $7, extra diapers; and $6, extra child care. During 1 year diarrhea accounted for 4% of all visits and 10% of visits among those <36 months old. The annual cost at the three centers was $346 000, which extrapolates to $0.6 to $1.0 billion for the United States. Twenty-one percent of this cost was attributable to rotavirus diarrhea. We conclude that outpatient care for pediatric diarrhea is a major health care cost in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-902
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

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Office Visits
Diarrhea
Costs and Cost Analysis
Rotavirus
Rehydration Solutions
Fluid Therapy
Ambulatory Care
Child Care
Health Care Costs
Pediatrics
Diet
Population

Keywords

  • Cost of office visits
  • Diarrhea

Cite this

Costs associated with office visits for diarrhea in infants and toddlers. / Avendaño, Pablo; Matson, David O.; Long, John; Whitney, Stephen; Matson, Christine C.; Pickering, Larry K.

In: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 12, No. 11, 01.01.1993, p. 897-902.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Avendaño, Pablo ; Matson, David O. ; Long, John ; Whitney, Stephen ; Matson, Christine C. ; Pickering, Larry K. / Costs associated with office visits for diarrhea in infants and toddlers. In: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 1993 ; Vol. 12, No. 11. pp. 897-902.
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