Cosmic Ray Background Rejection with Wire-Cell LArTPC Event Reconstruction in the MicroBooNE Detector

P. Abratenko, M. Alrashed, R. An, J. Anthony, J. Asaadi, A. Ashkenazi, S. Balasubramanian, B. Baller, C. Barnes, G. Barr, V. Basque, L. Bathe-Peters, O. Benevides Rodrigues, S. Berkman, A. Bhanderi, A. Bhat, M. Bishai, A. Blake, T. Bolton, L. CamilleriD. Caratelli, I. Caro Terrazas, R. Castillo Fernandez, F. Cavanna, G. Cerati, Y. Chen, E. Church, D. Cianci, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, L. Cooper-Troendle, J. I. Crespo-Anadón, M. Del Tutto, D. Devitt, Richard Diurba, L. Domine, R. Dorrill, K. Duffy, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, A. Ereditato, L. Escudero Sanchez, J. J. Evans, G. A. Fiorentini Aguirre, R. S. Fitzpatrick, B. T. Fleming, N. Foppiani, D. Franco, A. P. Furmanski, D. Garcia-Gamez, S. Gardiner, G. Ge, S. Gollapinni, O. Goodwin, E. Gramellini, P. Green, H. Greenlee, W. Gu, R. Guenette, P. Guzowski, L. Hagaman, E. Hall, P. Hamilton, O. Hen, G. A. Horton-Smith, A. Hourlier, E. C. Huang, R. Itay, C. James, J. Jan De Vries, X. Ji, L. Jiang, J. H. Jo, R. A. Johnson, Y. J. Jwa, N. Kamp, N. Kaneshige, G. Karagiorgi, W. Ketchum, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, T. Kobilarcik, I. Kreslo, R. Lazur, I. Lepetic, K. Li, Y. Li, B. R. Littlejohn, D. Lorca, W. C. Louis, X. Luo, A. Marchionni, C. Mariani, D. Marsden, J. Marshall, J. Martin-Albo, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. Mason, A. Mastbaum, N. McConkey, V. Meddage, T. Mettler, K. Miller, J. Mills, K. Mistry, A. Mogan, T. Mohayai, J. Moon, M. Mooney, A. F. Moor, C. D. Moore, L. Mora Lepin, J. Mousseau, M. Murphy, D. Naples, A. Navrer-Agasson, R. K. Neely, P. Nienaber, J. Nowak, O. Palamara, V. Paolone, A. Papadopoulou, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, A. Paudel, Z. Pavlovic, E. Piasetzky, I. D. Ponce-Pinto, D. Porzio, S. Prince, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, V. Radeka, A. Rafique, M. Reggiani-Guzzo, L. Ren, L. Rochester, J. Rodriguez Rondon, H. E. Rogers, M. Rosenberg, M. Ross-Lonergan, B. Russell, G. Scanavini, D. W. Schmitz, A. Schukraft, W. Seligman, M. H. Shaevitz, R. Sharankova, J. Sinclair, A. Smith, E. L. Snider, M. Soderberg, S. Söldner-Rembold, S. R. Soleti, P. Spentzouris, J. Spitz, M. Stancari, J. St John, T. Strauss, K. Sutton, S. Sword-Fehlberg, A. M. Szelc, N. Tagg, W. Tang, K. Terao, C. Thorpe, M. Toups, Y. T. Tsai, S. Tufanli, M. A. Uchida, T. Usher, W. Van De Pontseele, B. Viren, M. Weber, H. Wei, Z. Williams, S. Wolbers, T. Wongjirad, M. Wospakrik, W. Wu, E. Yandel, T. Yang, G. Yarbrough, L. E. Yates, H. W. Yu, G. P. Zeller, J. Zennamo, C. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

For a large liquid-argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) operating on or near the Earth's surface to detect neutrino interactions, the rejection of cosmogenic background is a critical and challenging task because of the large cosmic-ray flux and the long drift time of the time-projection chamber. We introduce a superior cosmic background rejection procedure based on the Wire-Cell three-dimensional (3D) event reconstruction for LArTPCs. From an initial 1:20 000 neutrino to cosmic-ray background ratio, we demonstrate these tools on data from the MicroBooNE experiment and create a high-performance generic neutrino event selection with a cosmic contamination of 14.9% (9.7%) for a visible energy region greater than O(200) MeV. The neutrino interaction selection efficiency is 80.4% and 87.6% for inclusive νμ charged-current and νe charged-current interactions, respectively. This significantly improved performance compared with existing reconstruction algorithms marks a major milestone toward reaching the scientific goals of LArTPC neutrino oscillation experiments operating near the Earth's surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064071
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was prepared by the MicroBooNE collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. MicroBooNE is supported by the following: the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Offices of High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Swiss National Science Foundation; the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), part of the United Kingdom Research and Innovation; and The Royal Society (United Kingdom). Additional support for the laser calibration system and cosmic-ray tagger was provided by the Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Bern, Switzerland.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Physical Society.

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