Cosmic-muon characterization and annual modulation measurement with Double Chooz detectors

T. Abrahão, H. Almazan, J. C. Dos Anjos, S. Appel, E. Baussan, I. Bekman, T. J.C. Bezerra, L. Bezrukov, E. Blucher, T. Brugière, C. Buck, J. Busenitz, A. Cabrera, L. Camilleri, R. Carr, M. Cerrada, E. Chauveau, P. Chimenti, O. Corpace, J. I. Crespo-AnadónJ. V. Dawson, J. Dhooghe, Z. Djurcic, M. Dracos, A. Etenko, M. Fallot, D. Franco, M. Franke, H. Furuta, I. Gil-Botella, L. Giot, A. Givaudan, M. Gögger-Neff, H. Gómez, L. F.G. Gonzalez, M. Goodman, T. Hara, J. Haser, D. Hellwig, A. Hourlier, M. Ishitsuka, J. Jochum, C. Jollet, K. Kale, P. Kampmann, M. Kaneda, D. M. Kaplan, T. Kawasaki, E. Kemp, H. De Kerret, D. Kryn, M. Kuze, T. Lachenmaier, C. Lane, T. Laserre, C. Lastoria, D. Lhuillier, H. Lima, M. Lindner, J. M. López-Castaño, J. M. Losecco, B. Lubsandorzhiev, J. Maeda, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, T. Matsubara, G. Mention, A. Meregaglia, T. Miletic, A. Minotti, Y. Nagasaka, D. Navas-Nicolás, P. Novella, L. Oberauer, M. Obolensky, A. Onillon, A. Oralbaev, C. Palomares, I. Pepe, G. Pronost, B. Reinhold, B. Rybolt, Y. Sakamoto, R. Santorelli, S. Schönert, S. Schoppmann, R. Sharankova, V. Sibille, V. Sinev, M. Skorokhvatov, M. Soiron, P. Soldin, A. Stahl, I. Stancu, L. F.F. Stokes, M. Strait, F. Suekane, S. Sukhotin, T. Sumiyoshi, Y. Sun, B. Svoboda, A. Tonazzo, C. Veyssiere, M. Vivier, S. Wagner, C. Wiebusch, M. Wurm, G. Yang, F. Yermia, V. Zimmer

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Abstract

A study on cosmic muons has been performed for the two identical near and far neutrino detectors of the Double Chooz experiment, placed at ∼120 and ∼300 m.w.e. underground respectively, including the corresponding simulations using the MUSIC simulation package. This characterization has allowed us to measure the muon flux reaching both detectors to be (3.64 ± 0.04) × 10-4 cm-2s-1 for the near detector and (7.00 ± 0.05) × 10-5 cm-2s-1 for the far one. The seasonal modulation of the signal has also been studied observing a positive correlation with the atmospheric temperature, leading to an effective temperature coefficient of αT = 0.212 ± 0.024 and 0.355 ± 0.019 for the near and far detectors respectively. These measurements, in good agreement with expectations based on theoretical models, represent one of the first measurements of this coefficient in shallow depth installations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number017
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2017
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2017

Keywords

  • cosmic ray experiments
  • neutrino detectors

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    Abrahão, T., Almazan, H., Dos Anjos, J. C., Appel, S., Baussan, E., Bekman, I., Bezerra, T. J. C., Bezrukov, L., Blucher, E., Brugière, T., Buck, C., Busenitz, J., Cabrera, A., Camilleri, L., Carr, R., Cerrada, M., Chauveau, E., Chimenti, P., Corpace, O., ... Zimmer, V. (2017). Cosmic-muon characterization and annual modulation measurement with Double Chooz detectors. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2017(2), [017]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/017