Cosmic-muon characterization and annual modulation measurement with Double Chooz detectors

T. Abrahão, H. Almazan, J. C. Dos Anjos, S. Appel, E. Baussan, I. Bekman, T. J.C. Bezerra, L. Bezrukov, E. Blucher, T. Brugière, C. Buck, J. Busenitz, A. Cabrera, L. Camilleri, R. Carr, M. Cerrada, E. Chauveau, P. Chimenti, O. Corpace, J. I. Crespo-AnadónJ. V. Dawson, J. Dhooghe, Z. Djurcic, M. Dracos, A. Etenko, M. Fallot, D. Franco, M. Franke, H. Furuta, I. Gil-Botella, L. Giot, A. Givaudan, M. Gögger-Neff, H. Gómez, L. F.G. Gonzalez, M. Goodman, T. Hara, J. Haser, D. Hellwig, A. Hourlier, M. Ishitsuka, J. Jochum, C. Jollet, K. Kale, P. Kampmann, M. Kaneda, D. M. Kaplan, T. Kawasaki, E. Kemp, H. De Kerret, D. Kryn, M. Kuze, T. Lachenmaier, C. Lane, T. Laserre, C. Lastoria, D. Lhuillier, H. Lima, M. Lindner, J. M. López-Castaño, J. M. Losecco, B. Lubsandorzhiev, J. Maeda, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, T. Matsubara, G. Mention, A. Meregaglia, T. Miletic, A. Minotti, Y. Nagasaka, D. Navas-Nicolás, P. Novella, L. Oberauer, M. Obolensky, A. Onillon, A. Oralbaev, C. Palomares, I. Pepe, G. Pronost, B. Reinhold, B. Rybolt, Y. Sakamoto, R. Santorelli, S. Schönert, S. Schoppmann, R. Sharankova, V. Sibille, V. Sinev, M. Skorokhvatov, M. Soiron, P. Soldin, A. Stahl, I. Stancu, L. F.F. Stokes, M. Strait, F. Suekane, S. Sukhotin, T. Sumiyoshi, Y. Sun, B. Svoboda, A. Tonazzo, C. Veyssiere, M. Vivier, S. Wagner, C. Wiebusch, M. Wurm, G. Yang, F. Yermia, V. Zimmer

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18 Scopus citations


A study on cosmic muons has been performed for the two identical near and far neutrino detectors of the Double Chooz experiment, placed at ∼120 and ∼300 m.w.e. underground respectively, including the corresponding simulations using the MUSIC simulation package. This characterization has allowed us to measure the muon flux reaching both detectors to be (3.64 ± 0.04) × 10-4 cm-2s-1 for the near detector and (7.00 ± 0.05) × 10-5 cm-2s-1 for the far one. The seasonal modulation of the signal has also been studied observing a positive correlation with the atmospheric temperature, leading to an effective temperature coefficient of αT = 0.212 ± 0.024 and 0.355 ± 0.019 for the near and far detectors respectively. These measurements, in good agreement with expectations based on theoretical models, represent one of the first measurements of this coefficient in shallow depth installations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number017
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 10 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the support of the CEA, CNRS/IN2P3, the computer centre CCIN2P3, and UnivEarthS Labex program of Sorbonne Paris Cite in France (ANR-10-LABX-0023 and ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02); the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT) and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS); the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation of the United States; U.S. Department of Energy Award DE-NA0000979 through the Nuclear Science and Security Consortium; the Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain; the Max Planck Gesellschaft, and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG, the Transregional Collaborative Research Center TR27, the excellence cluster Origin and Structure of the Universe, and the Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratorium Garching in Germany; the Russian Academy of Science, the Kurchatov Institute and RFBR (the Russian Foundation for Basic Research); the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI), the Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), the Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), and the Brazilian Network for High Energy Physics (RENAFAE) in Brazil.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl.


  • cosmic ray experiments
  • neutrino detectors


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