We have demonstrated a simple fabrication method for an out-coupling structure to enhance light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Spin-coating of SiO2 and TiOx sol mixture solution develops corrugated film. The structural evolution of the corrugation was explained by the localization of surface tension during the solvent evaporation. The structural parameters of the corrugated structure were characterized by varying the spin-coating speed and the mixing ratio of the solution. Compared to conventional devices, OLEDs with a corrugated structure at the backside of the glass substrate showed increased external quantum efficiency without change in the electroluminescence spectrum. The light extraction enhancement is attributed to the decreased incidence angle at the interface of glass substrate and air.
- Corrugated structure
- Light extraction
- Organic light-emitting diodes
- Out-coupling structure