Correlations of the craze profile in PMMA with Dugdale's plastic zone profile

S. J. Israel, E. L. Thomas, W. W. Gerberich

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Abstract

The craze opening profile in PMMA has been determined as a function of stress intensity using interference optics and a special wedge loading device. An attempt was made to correlate the craze profile with the corresponding parameters (crack opening displacement and plastic zone length) predicted by the Dugdale model. Over the mid-range of stress intensities (KI=0.4 to 1.0 MPa m1/2), samples which were annealed after precracking were found to exhibit a profile similar in shape but smaller than that predicted by the Dugdale model. The lower limit of this range marks the critical stress intensity for crazing in PMMA. Both the craze length and the opening at the craze-crack interface increase with increasing stress intensity and, due to strain-hardening of the craze material, reach maximum values of about 40 μm and 3 μm respectively at KI=1.0 MPa m1/2. Experimental uncertainties cannot account for the profile difference and it is therefore concluded that the Dugdale model is not fully adequate to describe craze geometries in PMMA. The discrepency between the Dugdale model and the experimental data is suggested to be due to either fibril strain-hardening and/or the formation of a plane strain plastic zone ahead of the craze.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2128-2138
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1979

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