Within-subject correlations for the levels of these salivary proteins were determined in unstimulated and stimulated parotid saliva collected from 8 subjects and for stimulated parotid saliva collected from the same subjects once a week for a 4-week period. Initial correlations between unstimulated and stimulated samples were high and statistically significant (p < 0.05) for all four proteins. When data were adjusted for variation attributable to flow rate and total protein, some correlations remained the same and those for lysozyme, lactoferrin and salivary peroxidase increased. However, the correlation for secretory immunoglobulin A decreased to a point where it was no longer statistically significant. In the weekly comparison, within-subject correlations across weeks were significant (p ≤ 0.05) for lysozyme, lactoferrin and salivary peroxidase, but not for immunoglobulin A. After adjustment for flow rate and total protein, the pattern of correlation was unchanged. Thus the relative rankings of subjects for levels of lysozyme, lactoferrin or salivary peroxidase may be consistent across stimulatory states, even though absolute concentrations may change; levels of these proteins in stimulated parotid saliva may be maintained over time. Secretory immunoglobulin A appears to be more subject to short-term variation.
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.