Correlation of specific amyloid-β oligomers with tau in cerebrospinal fluid from cognitively normal older adults

Maureen Handoko, Marianne Grant, Michael A Kuskowski, Kathleen R Zahs, Anders Wallin, Kaj Blennow, Karen H Ashe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Importance: To improve the ability to develop treatments that prevent incipient Alzheimer disease (AD) from progressing to overt AD, it is important to understand the molecular basis of the earliest pathophysiological abnormalities and to determine how amyloid-β (Aβ) is involved very early in its pathogenesis. Objective: To investigate 2 specific Aβ oligomers, Aβ trimers and Aβ*56, in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); evaluate the effects of aging and AD; and obtain support for the hypothesis that they may be pathogenic by determining their relationships to CSF tau. Design: A CSF sampling study. Settings: The University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Salhgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Participants: Forty-eight older adults with mild cognitive impairment or AD (impaired group); 49 agematched cognitively intact control subjects (unimpaired group); and 10 younger, normal control subjects. Main Outcome Measures: Measurements of CSF Aβ trimers, Aβ*56, the 42-amino acid Aβ isoform (Aβ1-42), total tau (T-tau), and phospho-tau 181 (p-tau181). The hypothesis being tested was formulated after data collection. Results: We observed that Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 levels increased with age; within the unimpaired group, they were elevated in subjects with T-tau/Aβ1-42 ratios greater than a cutoff that distinguished the unimpaired group from subjects with AD. In the unimpaired group, T-tau and p-tau181 were found to correlate strongly with Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 (r > 0.63), but not with Aβ1-42 (-0.10 < r < -0.01). The strong correlations were found to be attenuated in the impaired group. Conclusions and Relevance: In cognitively intact older adults, CSF Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 were elevated in individuals at risk for AD, and they showed stronger relationships with tau than did Aβ1-42, a surrogate for Aβ fibril deposition. These findings suggest that prior to overt symptoms, 1 or both of the Aβ oligomers, but not fibrillar Aβ, is coupled to tau; however, this coupling is weakened or broken when AD advances to symptomatic stages. The uncoupling is interesting in light of the failure of experimental Aβ therapies to improve mild cognitive impairment/AD, which has prompted a shift in the timing of Aβ therapies to asymptomatic subjects. Knowing which Aβ species to target in asymptomatic subjects may enhance the success of future treatments for AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-599
Number of pages6
JournalJAMA Neurology
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Amyloid
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Alzheimer Disease
Sampling Studies
Investigational Therapies
Aptitude
Medical Schools
Sweden
Protein Isoforms
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Amino Acids
Therapeutics

Cite this

Correlation of specific amyloid-β oligomers with tau in cerebrospinal fluid from cognitively normal older adults. / Handoko, Maureen; Grant, Marianne; Kuskowski, Michael A; Zahs, Kathleen R; Wallin, Anders; Blennow, Kaj; Ashe, Karen H.

In: JAMA Neurology, Vol. 70, No. 5, 01.01.2013, p. 594-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6abb8344e68143cd9b99d0523317e571,
title = "Correlation of specific amyloid-β oligomers with tau in cerebrospinal fluid from cognitively normal older adults",
abstract = "Importance: To improve the ability to develop treatments that prevent incipient Alzheimer disease (AD) from progressing to overt AD, it is important to understand the molecular basis of the earliest pathophysiological abnormalities and to determine how amyloid-β (Aβ) is involved very early in its pathogenesis. Objective: To investigate 2 specific Aβ oligomers, Aβ trimers and Aβ*56, in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); evaluate the effects of aging and AD; and obtain support for the hypothesis that they may be pathogenic by determining their relationships to CSF tau. Design: A CSF sampling study. Settings: The University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Salhgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Participants: Forty-eight older adults with mild cognitive impairment or AD (impaired group); 49 agematched cognitively intact control subjects (unimpaired group); and 10 younger, normal control subjects. Main Outcome Measures: Measurements of CSF Aβ trimers, Aβ*56, the 42-amino acid Aβ isoform (Aβ1-42), total tau (T-tau), and phospho-tau 181 (p-tau181). The hypothesis being tested was formulated after data collection. Results: We observed that Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 levels increased with age; within the unimpaired group, they were elevated in subjects with T-tau/Aβ1-42 ratios greater than a cutoff that distinguished the unimpaired group from subjects with AD. In the unimpaired group, T-tau and p-tau181 were found to correlate strongly with Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 (r > 0.63), but not with Aβ1-42 (-0.10 < r < -0.01). The strong correlations were found to be attenuated in the impaired group. Conclusions and Relevance: In cognitively intact older adults, CSF Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 were elevated in individuals at risk for AD, and they showed stronger relationships with tau than did Aβ1-42, a surrogate for Aβ fibril deposition. These findings suggest that prior to overt symptoms, 1 or both of the Aβ oligomers, but not fibrillar Aβ, is coupled to tau; however, this coupling is weakened or broken when AD advances to symptomatic stages. The uncoupling is interesting in light of the failure of experimental Aβ therapies to improve mild cognitive impairment/AD, which has prompted a shift in the timing of Aβ therapies to asymptomatic subjects. Knowing which Aβ species to target in asymptomatic subjects may enhance the success of future treatments for AD.",
author = "Maureen Handoko and Marianne Grant and Kuskowski, {Michael A} and Zahs, {Kathleen R} and Anders Wallin and Kaj Blennow and Ashe, {Karen H}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.48",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "70",
pages = "594--599",
journal = "JAMA Neurology",
issn = "2168-6149",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlation of specific amyloid-β oligomers with tau in cerebrospinal fluid from cognitively normal older adults

AU - Handoko, Maureen

AU - Grant, Marianne

AU - Kuskowski, Michael A

AU - Zahs, Kathleen R

AU - Wallin, Anders

AU - Blennow, Kaj

AU - Ashe, Karen H

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - Importance: To improve the ability to develop treatments that prevent incipient Alzheimer disease (AD) from progressing to overt AD, it is important to understand the molecular basis of the earliest pathophysiological abnormalities and to determine how amyloid-β (Aβ) is involved very early in its pathogenesis. Objective: To investigate 2 specific Aβ oligomers, Aβ trimers and Aβ*56, in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); evaluate the effects of aging and AD; and obtain support for the hypothesis that they may be pathogenic by determining their relationships to CSF tau. Design: A CSF sampling study. Settings: The University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Salhgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Participants: Forty-eight older adults with mild cognitive impairment or AD (impaired group); 49 agematched cognitively intact control subjects (unimpaired group); and 10 younger, normal control subjects. Main Outcome Measures: Measurements of CSF Aβ trimers, Aβ*56, the 42-amino acid Aβ isoform (Aβ1-42), total tau (T-tau), and phospho-tau 181 (p-tau181). The hypothesis being tested was formulated after data collection. Results: We observed that Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 levels increased with age; within the unimpaired group, they were elevated in subjects with T-tau/Aβ1-42 ratios greater than a cutoff that distinguished the unimpaired group from subjects with AD. In the unimpaired group, T-tau and p-tau181 were found to correlate strongly with Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 (r > 0.63), but not with Aβ1-42 (-0.10 < r < -0.01). The strong correlations were found to be attenuated in the impaired group. Conclusions and Relevance: In cognitively intact older adults, CSF Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 were elevated in individuals at risk for AD, and they showed stronger relationships with tau than did Aβ1-42, a surrogate for Aβ fibril deposition. These findings suggest that prior to overt symptoms, 1 or both of the Aβ oligomers, but not fibrillar Aβ, is coupled to tau; however, this coupling is weakened or broken when AD advances to symptomatic stages. The uncoupling is interesting in light of the failure of experimental Aβ therapies to improve mild cognitive impairment/AD, which has prompted a shift in the timing of Aβ therapies to asymptomatic subjects. Knowing which Aβ species to target in asymptomatic subjects may enhance the success of future treatments for AD.

AB - Importance: To improve the ability to develop treatments that prevent incipient Alzheimer disease (AD) from progressing to overt AD, it is important to understand the molecular basis of the earliest pathophysiological abnormalities and to determine how amyloid-β (Aβ) is involved very early in its pathogenesis. Objective: To investigate 2 specific Aβ oligomers, Aβ trimers and Aβ*56, in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); evaluate the effects of aging and AD; and obtain support for the hypothesis that they may be pathogenic by determining their relationships to CSF tau. Design: A CSF sampling study. Settings: The University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Salhgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Participants: Forty-eight older adults with mild cognitive impairment or AD (impaired group); 49 agematched cognitively intact control subjects (unimpaired group); and 10 younger, normal control subjects. Main Outcome Measures: Measurements of CSF Aβ trimers, Aβ*56, the 42-amino acid Aβ isoform (Aβ1-42), total tau (T-tau), and phospho-tau 181 (p-tau181). The hypothesis being tested was formulated after data collection. Results: We observed that Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 levels increased with age; within the unimpaired group, they were elevated in subjects with T-tau/Aβ1-42 ratios greater than a cutoff that distinguished the unimpaired group from subjects with AD. In the unimpaired group, T-tau and p-tau181 were found to correlate strongly with Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 (r > 0.63), but not with Aβ1-42 (-0.10 < r < -0.01). The strong correlations were found to be attenuated in the impaired group. Conclusions and Relevance: In cognitively intact older adults, CSF Aβ trimers and Aβ*56 were elevated in individuals at risk for AD, and they showed stronger relationships with tau than did Aβ1-42, a surrogate for Aβ fibril deposition. These findings suggest that prior to overt symptoms, 1 or both of the Aβ oligomers, but not fibrillar Aβ, is coupled to tau; however, this coupling is weakened or broken when AD advances to symptomatic stages. The uncoupling is interesting in light of the failure of experimental Aβ therapies to improve mild cognitive impairment/AD, which has prompted a shift in the timing of Aβ therapies to asymptomatic subjects. Knowing which Aβ species to target in asymptomatic subjects may enhance the success of future treatments for AD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877271133&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877271133&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.48

DO - 10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.48

M3 - Article

C2 - 23479202

AN - SCOPUS:84877271133

VL - 70

SP - 594

EP - 599

JO - JAMA Neurology

JF - JAMA Neurology

SN - 2168-6149

IS - 5

ER -