Correlation of no trouble found errors to negative bias temperature instability

Robert LiVolsi, Kevin McCormick, Myra Torres, Jyothi Velamala, Rui Zheng, Yu Cao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


No Trouble Found (NTF) and Cannot Duplicate (CND) errors on modern digital electronics are increasingly prevalent and occur at a rate of 50-60% using conventional bench top diagnostics [1]. This work correlates NTF diagnostic errors to Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI), a prominent failure degradation mode and self annealing mechanism in sub-100 nm CMOS technology. NBTI degradation is duplicated in laboratory experiments on 90 nm MPC7448 Freescale Microprocessors. Accelerated aging via in situ thermal and voltage cycling is conducted while benchmark scripts are running on the MPC7448. Faults observed include premature program termination, corruption of system services, L1 and L2 cache errors as reported by the kernel, and total system failure. After 8 hours of rest, the system boots up normally with no indication of system degradation. Final system failure is observed after several faults. Conventional Built-In Test (BIT) fails to detect these faults upon reboot of the system. Various control tests and test profiles are used to accelerate NBTI degradation on the microprocessor samples. The challenge of faulty behavior is distinguishing between health and degradation leading to failure. Analysis techniques are used to show separation between healthy and degraded data, and independent NBTI research at Arizona State University is used to correlate NBTI behavior to NTF diagnostic errors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2011 Aerospace Conference, AERO 2011
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event2011 IEEE Aerospace Conference, AERO 2011 - Big Sky, MT, United States
Duration: Mar 5 2011Mar 12 2011

Publication series

NameIEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1095-323X


Conference2011 IEEE Aerospace Conference, AERO 2011
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBig Sky, MT


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