Correlating Polymer Viscoelastic Properties with Friction Measures by Scanning Probe Microscopy

Jon A. Hammerschmidt, Greg Haugstad, Bahram Moasser, Richard R. Jones, Wayne L. Gladfelter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) was used to image as well as quantitatively characterize the viscoelastic character of polymer films through the use of frictional force measurements. Measurements on several polymer systems, which vary in morphology, structure, and hydrophilicity, displayed an increase in friction at specific scan velocities. The velocity dependence on friction is attributed to molecular relaxations occurring within the polymer surface caused by energy imparted, over the contact area, by the probe tip. Determination of the frequency of imparted energy suggested a correlation between bulk viscoelastic relaxations, measured by traditional dynamic mechanical and dielectric techniques, and friction measured by SPM. The ability to further image this frictional dissipation, on the tens of nanometers scale, is also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-297
Number of pages10
JournalACS Symposium Series
StatePublished - 1998


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