Correlating acidities, electron affinities, and bond dissociation energies. Measure one, get all three!

Alireza Fattahi, Steven R Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bond energies, acidities, and electron affinities are related in a thermodynamic cycle, and by measuring two of these quantities one can derive the third. This procedure is most often used to determine bond dissociation energies. In this work, we show that ΔH°acid(HX), EA(X .), and BDE(HX) are all linearly related for specific classes of compounds (e.g., alcohols and carboxylic acids), and therefore, only one of these quantities is needed to determine the others. This should simplify thermodynamic determinations and enable hundreds of new values to be obtained from already existing data in the literature. The intercepts obtained from plots of ΔH°aCid(HX) vs EA(X.) provide bond energies which correspond to BDE(HX) when EA(X.) = 0. The results for eight different types of compounds are provided and some of these values are discussed. Sensitivity factors are obtained from the slopes of these plots, and their sign (+ vs -) can be predicted by considering physical effects such as hybridization and resonance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9176-9183
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume69
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 24 2004

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