Coronary vasodilator reserve in ischemic myocardium of the exercising dog

David D. Laxson, Xue Zheng Dai, David C. Homans, Robert J. Bache

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Previous work has reported that coronary vasodilator reserve may persist in myocardium rendered ischemic by hypoperfusion. This study investigated the presence and extent of residual coronary vasomotor tone in myocardial regions made acutely ischemic by a flow-limiting coronary stenosis during exercise. Methods and Results. Studies were done in chronically instrumented dogs undergoing treadmill exercise in the presence of a coronary stenosis that decreased distal left circumflex coronary artery perfusion pressure to approximately 40 mm Hg. Measurements of myocardial blood flow were made with radioactive microspheres during exercise (6.5 km/hr, 6% grade) before and during intracoronary infusion of the potent coronary vasodilator adenosine (40 μg/kg/min). Distal coronary perfusion pressure was held equal before and during intracoronary adenosine infusion (43±5 versus 42±5 mm Hg) by adjusting the hydraulic coronary occluder. During exercise in the presence of a coronary stenosis, myocardial blood flow (milliliter per minute per gram) was significantly reduced in all layers of the ischemic posterior region compared with the nonischemic anterior region. During intracoronary adenosine infusion, with no change in coronary perfusion pressure, myocardial blood flow was significantly increased compared with preadenosine flows for both the subendocardial layer flow (1.03±0.74 versus 0.66±0.50; p<0.05) and mean transmural flow (1.54±0.59 versus 1.16±0.36; p<0.05). In the presence of a coronary stenosis, regional myocardial segment shortening in the ischemic region during exercise fell significantly to 49±8% of shortening in the absence of a coronary stenosis but improved modestly during adenosine infusion (65±7 versus 49±8%; p<0.05). Conclusions. These results indicate that adenosine-responsive coronary vasodilator reserve persists during exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and suggest that residual microvascular vasoconstrictor tone may affect the extent of myocardial hypoperfusion occurring consequent to a flow-limiting coronary stenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-322
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Coronary circulation
  • Coronary stenosis
  • Myocardial ischemia

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