Coronary plaque type and burden by computed tomography angiography without association to C-reactive protein

Leenhapong Navaravong, Carol Steenson, Gardar Sigurdsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the coronaries allows identification of plaques. Limited data exists on the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and the plaque type or plaque burden detected by CTA. Aims: We studied relationship between CRP and coronary atherosclerosis. Materials and Methods: 92 patients without history of coronary disease underwent coronary CTA for chest pain. Coronary arteries were evaluated with each detected plaque labeled as calcified, noncalcified or mixed. Logarithmic transformation was done on CRP values for statistical analysis. Results: 1380 coronary segments were evaluated. The average age was 57 years (SE 1.0) and basal metabolic index (BMI) 28.9 kg/m2 (SE 0.5). Median CRP level was 2.75 mg/L (range 0.17-16.98). No association was found between CRP quartiles and plaque type. In stepwise multivariate analysis, only diabetes was associated with noncalcified plaque (P < 0.001). When calcified and mixed plaques were added to the model, age (P < 0.001), diabetes (P < 0.02), and statin use (P < 0.05) were associated with an increased number of plaques per subject. No association was found between log-CRP for any type of plaque. Conclusion: There was no association between CRP and plaque type by CTA. Lack of association is likely due to limited spatial resolution and underestimation of noncalcified plaque burden by CTA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalNorth American Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • CRP
  • CTA
  • Computed tomography angiography
  • Coronary calcium
  • Imaging

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