Leisure constraint research has made significant contributions to the leisure field, and continues to evolve. Despite progress in understanding constraint negotiation, a comprehensive framework remains absent. Coping models have many parallels to the leisure constraint model, and can offer a deeper understanding of constraint negotiation by (a) recognizing additional personal and situational variables, (b) detailing the appraisal process, (c) defining accommodation and negotiation explicitly, (d) specifying coping responses for measurement, and (e) including outcomes beyond participation or preferences. Therefore, this paper puts forward a stress and coping framework to more comprehensively detail leisure constraint negotiation than current models.
- Situational variables