Cooling of photoexcited carriers in graphene by internal and substrate phonons

Tony Low, Vasili Perebeinos, Raseong Kim, Marcus Freitag, Phaedon Avouris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations


We investigate the energy relaxation of hot carriers produced by photoexcitation of graphene through coupling to both intrinsic and remote (substrate) surface polar phonons using the Boltzmann equation approach. We find that the energy relaxation of hot photocarriers in graphene on commonly used polar substrates, under most conditions, is dominated by remote surface polar phonons. We also calculate key characteristics of the energy relaxation process, such as the transient cooling time and steady-state carrier temperatures and photocarrier densities, which determine the thermoelectric and photovoltaic photoresponse, respectively. Substrate engineering can be a promising route to efficient optoelectronic devices driven by hot carrier dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045413
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 9 2012
Externally publishedYes


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