Meiotic recombination in yeast is associated with heteroduplex formation. Heteroduplexes formed between nonidentical DNA strands contain DNA mismatches, and most DNA mismatches in wild-type strains are efficiently corrected. Although some patterns of mismatch correction result in non- Mendelian segregation of the heterozygous marker (gene conversion), one predicted pattern of correction (restoration-type repair) results in normal Mendelian segregation. Using a yeast strain in which a marker leading to a well-repaired mismatch is flanked by markers that lead to poorly repaired mismatches, we present direct evidence for restoration-type repair in yeast. In addition, we find that the frequency of tetrads with conversion-type repair is higher for a marker at the 5' end of the HIS4 gene than for a marker in the middle of the gene. These results suggest that the ratio of conversion-type to restoration-type repair may be important in generating gradients of gene conversion (polarity gradients).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Aug 1998|