Controls for Smart Grids: Architectures and Applications

Tariq Samad, Anuradha M. Annaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Control is and will continue to be a key discipline for realizing the objectives of smart grid initiatives. Research in control science and engineering is not limited to one or a few application concepts but is pervasive across the smart grid ecosystem. The principal contribution of this paper is to review, from a system-architectural perspective, how control enables smart grid applications. Application 'templates' are presented for direct load control, automated demand response, microgrid optimization, control for distribution grids, wide-area control, and market-centric control. Technological developments, including in power electronics, that are enabling smart grid control research and applications are also itemized and two cross-cutting needs/opportunities for future research discussed. We conclude with a summary of a recent status report on the progress that has been made in the United States, noting also the challenges to further progress, in renewable generation, energy efficiency, and carbon reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7967650
Pages (from-to)2244-2261
Number of pages18
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

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  • Automated demand response
  • control systems
  • cyber-physical systems
  • human-in-the-loop
  • market-centric control
  • microgrids
  • smart grid
  • system architecture


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