There is a consensus in the cardiac stem cell biology field that human embryonic stem cell derived–cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs) are immature and do not resemble human adult cardiomyocytes, either phenotypically or transcriptionally. One striking difference between hESC-CMs and mature adult cardiomyocytes is their morphology. hESCCMs grown in vitro are pleomorphic in shape and have no clear sarcomere organization; conversely, adult cardiomyocytes are rod-shaped with an average length-to-width (aspect) ratio of 7:1 and display a highly organized internal cytoskeletal structure. By combining multiple cues, i.e. substrate stiffness and topographical features, it may be possible to create a more physiologically-relevant model that better recapitulates the architecture of the native human heart which will aid in regenerative medicine therapies, disease modeling, drug testing, developmental and cardiotoxicity studies. Prior work in our lab used microcontact printing on glass slides to control the cell shape to improve the maturation of hESC-CMs. Since then, new work has focused on patterning methods on more compliant substrates using both microcontact printing, as well as a sacrificial polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) film. In this proceeding, the advantages and disadvantages of the above methods will be discussed in relationship to hESC-CM maturation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials - Proceedings of the 2016 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics|
|Editors||Chad S. Korach, Srinivasan Arjun Tekalur, Pablo Zavattieri|
|Publisher||Springer New York LLC|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2017|
|Event||Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2016 - Orlando, United States|
Duration: Jun 6 2016 → Jun 9 2016
|Name||Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series|
|Conference||Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2016|
|Period||6/6/16 → 6/9/16|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2017.
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Cardiac bioengineering
- Microcontact printing
- Stem cell