The influence of the solvent evaporation rate on the crystallization of the poly(vinylcyclohexane)-b-poly(ethylene)-b-poly(vinylcyclohexane) (PVCH-PE-PVCH) triblock copolymer with the high Tg of PVCH segment in chloroform was investigated. The competition between the crystallization of PE block and the vitrification of PVCH in the triblock copolymer was controlled through changing the solvent evaporation rate in the solution system at different temperatures (Te). It was found that the melting temperature (T m) of PVCH-PE-PVCH samples increased with increasing the T e when the Te was lower than the solvent boiling point (bp), depending on the crystalline temperatures. However, when Te was just a little above the solvent bp, two melting peaks, which corresponding to the fusion of the confined and unconfined crystals, respectively, were observed on the DSC curves of the samples. As Te increased to be higher temperature, only one lower melting peak, which corresponding to the fusion of the confined crystals, existed for each samples. It was also found that the crystallinity (Xc) of the samples decreased gradually when T e was lower than the solvent bp, and then decreased suddenly when Te was just a little above the solvent bp, finally reached a plateau (about 13.5%) at higher Te. The changes in Xc of the samples depend on the evaporating time in the solution. The results should be related to the competition between the crystallization of PE block in solvent and the vitrification of PVCH block with the solvent evaporation. Furthermore, the competition was controlled through changing the solvent evaporation rate. The confined and unconfined crystallization of the samples could be freely adjusted.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NO.50573038, NO.20174022 and NO.10334020) and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (NO.20040003033) are highly appreciated.
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- Confined crystallization