Control of TCR-Mediated Activation of β1 Integrins by the ZAP-70 Tyrosine Kinase Interdomain B Region and the Linker for Activation of T Cells Adapter Protein

Seiji Goda, Angie C. Quale, Melody L. Woods, Alicia Felthauser, Yoji Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

One of the earliest functional responses of T lymphocytes to extracellular signals that activate the Ag-specific CD3/TCR complex is a rapid, but reversible, increase in the functional activity of integrin adhesion receptors. Previous studies have implicated the tyrosine kinase ζ-associated protein of 70 kDa (ZAP-70) and the lipid kinase phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, in the activation of β1 integrins by the CD3/TCR complex. In this report, we use human ZAP-70-deficient Jurkat T cells to demonstrate that the kinase activity of ZAP-70 is required for CD3/TCR-mediated increases in β1 integrin-mediated adhesion and activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. A tyrosine to phenylalanine substitution at position 315 in the interdomain B of ZAP-70 inhibits these responses, whereas a similar substitution at position 292 enhances these downstream signals. These mutations in the ZAP-70 interdomain B region also specifically affect CD3/TCR-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of residues 171 and 191 in the cytoplasmic domain of the linker for activation of T cells (LAT) adapter protein. CD3/TCR signaling to β1 integrins is defective in LAT-deficient Jurkat T cells, and can be restored with expression of wild-type LAT. Mutant LAT constructs with tyrosine to phenylalanine substitutions at position 171 and/or position 191 do not restore CD3/TCR-mediated activation of β1 integrins in LAT-deficient T cells. Thus, these studies demonstrate that the interdomain B region of ZAP-70 regulates β 1 integrin activation by the CD3/TCR via control of tyrosine phosphorylation of tyrosine residues 171 and 191 in the LAT cytoplasmic domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5379-5387
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume172
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2004

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ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase
Integrins
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
T-Lymphocytes
Tyrosine
Proteins
T-Cell Antigen Receptor-CD3 Complex
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Jurkat Cells
Phenylalanine
Phosphorylation

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Control of TCR-Mediated Activation of β1 Integrins by the ZAP-70 Tyrosine Kinase Interdomain B Region and the Linker for Activation of T Cells Adapter Protein. / Goda, Seiji; Quale, Angie C.; Woods, Melody L.; Felthauser, Alicia; Shimizu, Yoji.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 172, No. 9, 01.05.2004, p. 5379-5387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - One of the earliest functional responses of T lymphocytes to extracellular signals that activate the Ag-specific CD3/TCR complex is a rapid, but reversible, increase in the functional activity of integrin adhesion receptors. Previous studies have implicated the tyrosine kinase ζ-associated protein of 70 kDa (ZAP-70) and the lipid kinase phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, in the activation of β1 integrins by the CD3/TCR complex. In this report, we use human ZAP-70-deficient Jurkat T cells to demonstrate that the kinase activity of ZAP-70 is required for CD3/TCR-mediated increases in β1 integrin-mediated adhesion and activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. A tyrosine to phenylalanine substitution at position 315 in the interdomain B of ZAP-70 inhibits these responses, whereas a similar substitution at position 292 enhances these downstream signals. These mutations in the ZAP-70 interdomain B region also specifically affect CD3/TCR-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of residues 171 and 191 in the cytoplasmic domain of the linker for activation of T cells (LAT) adapter protein. CD3/TCR signaling to β1 integrins is defective in LAT-deficient Jurkat T cells, and can be restored with expression of wild-type LAT. Mutant LAT constructs with tyrosine to phenylalanine substitutions at position 171 and/or position 191 do not restore CD3/TCR-mediated activation of β1 integrins in LAT-deficient T cells. Thus, these studies demonstrate that the interdomain B region of ZAP-70 regulates β 1 integrin activation by the CD3/TCR via control of tyrosine phosphorylation of tyrosine residues 171 and 191 in the LAT cytoplasmic domain.

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