Contributions of Parent-Adolescent Negative Emotionality, Adolescent Conflict, and Adoption Status to Adolescent Externalizing Behaviors

Bibiana D. Koh, Martha A. Rueter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although most adopted children are well adjusted, research has consistently found that adopted adolescents are at an increased risk for externalizing behaviors. The present investigation tested a model whereby parent-adolescent negative emotionality traits, adolescent conflict, and adoption status contribute to adolescent externalizing behaviors. The study included 616 families with at least one parent and two adolescent siblings with a maximum 5-year age difference. The analyses used data from the mothers (M age = 45.56, SD = 4.23), fathers (M age = 48.23, SD = 4.42), and the elder sibling (M age = 16.14, SD = 1.5). Findings support two conflict-mediated family processes that contributed to externalizing behaviors: one initiated by parent-adolescent traits and one by adoption status. Findings also underscore the salience of conflict in families and the significance of aggressive traits and negative emotionality. Contrary to previous research, we found that adoption status did not directly add to our explanation of adolescent externalizing behaviors beyond our proposed process. Instead, adoption status was indirectly associated with externalizing problems through a conflict-mediated relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-836
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the National Institution on Alcohol Abuse (AA11886) and the Mary Ellen McFarland Fellowship.

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