Background: Paravertebral pain catheters have been shown to be equally effective as epidural pain catheters for postoperative analgesia after thoracic surgery with the possible additional benefit of less hemodynamic effect. However, a methodology for verifying correct paravertebral catheter placement has not been tested or objectively confirmed in previous studies. The aim of the current study was to describe a technique to confirm the correct position of a paravertebral pain catheter using a contrast-enhanced paravertebrogram. Methods: A retrospective cohort proof of concept study was performed including 10 consecutive patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery with radiographic contrast-enhanced confirmation of intraoperative paravertebral catheter placement (paravertebrogram). Results: The results of the paravertebrograms, which were done in the operating room at the end of the procedure, verified correct paravertebral catheter placement in 10 of 10 patients. The radiographs documented dissemination of local anesthetic within the paravertebral space. Conclusion: This proof of concept study demonstrated that a contrast-enhanced paravertebrogram could be used in conjunction with standard postoperative chest radiography to add valuable information for the assessment of paravertebral catheter placement. This technique has the potential to increase the accuracy and efficiency of postoperative analgesia, and to set a quality standard for future studies of paravertebral pain catheters.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Open access funding provided by Karolinska Institute. This study did not receive specific funding. F. Klevebro is the recipient of the 2018–2019 Ryan Hill Research Fellowship. Acknowledgements
This study did not receive specific funding. F. Klevebro is the recipient of the 2018-2019 Ryan Hill Research Fellowship. Bonnie Marston for language editing of the manuscript.
© 2020, The Author(s).
- Paravertebral pain catheters
- Postoperative pain treatment
- Thoracic surgery