Our ability to monitor blood glucose levels has become increasingly accurate over the last few decades. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technology now allows providers and patients the ability to monitor glucose levels retrospectively as well as in real-time for diabetes management. CGM also provides the ability to study glucose patterns and trends for insight into the pathophysiology and natural history of disease. CGM captures a more complete picture of glucose profiles than traditional measures of glycemia such as the hemoglobin A1c or self-monitoring of blood glucose levels. This article provides a review of the history of glucose monitoring, a review of the literature pertaining to CGM with a focus on studies in patients with cystic fibrosis, and discusses practical uses of CGM technology and its application for the evaluation and management of cystic fibrosis related diabetes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
CLC, KLO, AG, AM, and AM receive grant support through the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Emerging Leaders in CF Endocrinology (EnVision) Program. Additionally, CLC is supported by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation grant CHAN16A0 and receives industry support from Insulet and Dexcom . AG is supported by Washington University Institute of Clinical & Translational Sciences ( ICTS ) KL2 Career Development Awards Program KL2TR002346-02 . SH is grateful for funding assistance from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia , the Australasian Cystic Fibrosis Research Trust , Regional Diabetes Support Scheme , Sydney Children's Hospital Foundation , Australasian Pediatric Endocrine Care Grant from Pfizer , and for Industry support from Novo Nordisk , Medtronic , Abbott Diagnostics .
© 2019 European Cystic Fibrosis Society
- Artificial pancreas
- Continuous glucose monitoring
- Cystic fibrosis related diabetes
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't