Objective: Clinical studies indicate incomplete functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after coronary artery bypass grafting. We hypothesized that persistent contractile abnormalities after coronary artery bypass grafting are associated with decreased mitochondrial proteins involving electron transport chain that might limit maximal oxygen consumption. Methods: Seven pigs with hibernating myocardium underwent off-pump revascularization with left internal thoracic artery to mid left anterior descending artery. At 4 weeks, left internal thoracic artery anastomosis was patent by multidetector computed tomography. Regional function (transthoracic echocardiography) and blood flow (microspheres) were assessed at rest and during high-dose dobutamine (40 μg/[kg · min]). Expression of electron transport chain proteins was analyzed with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification. Results: After revascularization, multidetector computed tomography confirmed severe left anterior descending stenosis and patent left internal thoracic artery graft. Regional function and blood flow normalized at rest; however, function in left anterior descending distribution remained depressed relative to remote regions, and myocardial blood flow in that region did not increase normally when challenged with high-work state. Concomitant with reduced maximal blood flow response in left anterior descending region was more than 40% reduction in electron transport chain proteins essential to adenosine triphosphate production. Conclusions: Despite successful revascularization of hibernating myocardium, regional function and blood flow remained depressed during catecholamine stress. Electron transport chain proteins known to be downregulated during adaptive process within hibernating myocardium did not normalize after revascularization. These data demonstrate a potential bioenergetic cause of persistent dysfunction and heart failure within successfully revascularized hibernating myocardium.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education Nina Starr Braunwald Award and Veterans Affairs Merit Review Award (to R.F.K.) and National Institutes of Health grant RO1 HL089307-01A2 (to E.O.M.).
- electron transport chain
- isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification
- left anterior descending coronary artery
- left internal thoracic artery
- mass spectrometry
- multidetector computed tomography
- respiratory control index
- transthoracic echocardiography