Contingency judgment: Primacy effects and attention decrement

J. Frank Yates, Shawn P. Curley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations


Subjects made judgments concerning the strength and direction of the contingency between two dichotomous variables in a situation in which no contingency actually existed. The judgments exhibited a significant primacy effect. The effects of warning and not warning the subjects that they would be required to recall the frequencies of observed event co-occurrences implied that this primacy effect was due to 'attention decrement' (Anderson 1981). According to this hypothesis, attention to contingency-relevant information diminishes after the subject is exposed to only a small portion of the available information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-302
Number of pages10
JournalActa Psychologica
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1986

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