Continence for women: evidence-based practice.

C. M. Sampselle, P. A. Burns, M. C. Dougherty, D. K. Newman, K. K. Thomas, J. F. Wyman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Approximately 20% of women ages 25-64 years experience urinary incontinence. The symptoms increase during perimenopause, when 31% of women report that they experience incontinent episodes at least once per month. Bladder training and pelvic muscle exercise are the recommended initial treatment and can be taught effectively in the ambulatory care setting. Bladder training enables women to accommodate greater volumes of urine and extend between-voiding intervals. Pelvic muscle exercise increases muscle strength and reduces unwanted urine leakage. Accumulated research results provide evidence-based guidelines for nursing practice. The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses has identified continence for women as the focus of its third research utilization project. This article presents the rationale, evidence base, and educational strategies compiled by the Research Utilization 3 Nurse Scientist Team. Nurses can enable women to incorporate these noninvasive techniques into self-care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG
Issue number6 Suppl 1
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


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