Contemporary trends and techniques in tooth whitening: a review.

Jorge Perdigão, Luiz Narciso Baratieri, Gilberto Müller Arcari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


The popularity of tooth whitening has increased with the advent of patient-applied, peroxide-based whitening agents, as well as increased media influence. Peroxides are considered effective and safe when used under professional supervision. Whitening methods include those prescribed by a dental professional for the patient's at-home use, those applied by the dental professional in the office, a combination of both, or methods available over the counter (OTC). This article reviews the effect of contemporary whitening agents and illustrates the clinical application of three methods prescribed by dental professionals. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: This article presents the use of three different types of whitening agents for improved aesthetics. Upon reading this article, the reader should be able to: Distinguish the difference between professionally administered in-office and at-home tooth-whitening results. Identify the effects of whitening agents on dental tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-192; quiz 194
JournalPractical procedures & aesthetic dentistry : PPAD
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2004


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