Consumer-Centered Energy System for Electric Vehicles and the Smart Grid

Xiang Cheng, Rongqing Zhang, Liuqing Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


This article proposes the consumer-centered energy system (CCES), a cyber-physical-social system that integrates the power grid (physical), communications and computing (cyber), and consumer interactions (social). The authors introduce some basic features of the CCES, provide a CCES architecture for electric vehicles and smart grid, and propose a request-and-schedule energy management protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7478506
Pages (from-to)97-101
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Intelligent Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant 61571020, the National 973 Project under grant 2013CB336700, the National 863 Project under grant SS2015AA011306, the Open Research Fund of the National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory (grant 2016D03), Southeast University, and the National Science Foundation under grant ECCS-1232305.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2001-2011 IEEE.


  • CCES
  • consumer-centered energy system
  • cyber-physical-social system
  • electric vehicles
  • intelligent systems
  • smart grid


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