Consumer acceptability of aquaponically grown basil

Chengyan Yue, Zata Vickers, Jingjing Wang, Neil O. Anderson, Lauren Wisdorf, Jenna Brady, Michele Schermann, Nicholas Phelps, Paul Venturelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The present study systematically investigated the effects of warehouse and greenhouse aquaponic growing conditions on consumer acceptability of different basil cultivars. A total of 105 consumers rated their liking of three basil cultivars (Nufar, Genovese, and Eleonora), each grown in three conditions (aquaponically in a greenhouse, aquaponically in a warehouse, both with Cyprinus carpio, Koi fish, and grown in soilless medium). We used linear random effect models to investigate consumer preferences for attributes of basil plants grown in different environments by controlling for individual-specific random effects. Participants generally liked the soilless medium-grown and greenhouse aquaponically grown basil plants more than the warehouse aquaponically grown plants. The soilless medium-grown basil had the highest appearance liking and flavor intensity, followed by the greenhouse aquaponic grown and then by the warehouse aquaponic grown. Aquaponically grown cultivars were rated less bitter than soilless medium-grown cultivars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-850
Number of pages10
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Received for publication 14 Jan. 2020. Accepted for publication 5 Mar. 2020. Published online 1 May 2020. This research was supported, in part, by a grant from the University of Minnesota Global Food Ventures MNDrive and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. C.Y., Z.V., and N.O.A. are Professors. J.W. and L.W. were Graduate Research Assistants at the University of Minnesota during the study. J.B. and M.S. are Research Scientists. N.P. and P.V. are Assistant Professors. J.W. is the corresponding author. E-mail: wang2797@ This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Society for Horticultural Science. All rights reserved.


  • Cyprinus carpio (koi)
  • Deep water culture
  • Ebb and flow
  • Greenhouse
  • Warehouse


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