Constrained geographical mobility and gendered labor market outcomes under structural adjustment: Evidence from Egypt

Ragui Assaad, Melanie Arntz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We examine in this paper the evolution of gender gaps in labor market outcomes during structural adjustment and explore the extent to which widening gaps can be attributed to women's more limited geographical mobility. Using comparable household surveys carried out in 1988 and 1998, we show that gender gaps in access to wage and salary employment and in earnings have widened during this period, especially in the nongovernmental sector. We attribute these changes, at least in part, to women's more limited geographical mobility. We show that women's commuting rates are not only much lower than those of men, but also have remained stagnant in a period where males were having to travel significantly more to obtain jobs outside the government.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)431-454
    Number of pages24
    JournalWorld Development
    Volume33
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

    Fingerprint

    structural adjustment
    labor market
    Egypt
    migration
    gender
    evidence
    household survey
    commuting
    salary
    wage
    travel
    woman
    Structural adjustment
    Labor market outcomes
    Geographical mobility
    Gender gap

    Keywords

    • Commuting
    • Egypt
    • Gender
    • Geographic mobility
    • Labor market
    • Middle East
    • Structural adjustment
    • Wage differentials

    Cite this

    Constrained geographical mobility and gendered labor market outcomes under structural adjustment : Evidence from Egypt. / Assaad, Ragui; Arntz, Melanie.

    In: World Development, Vol. 33, No. 3, 01.03.2005, p. 431-454.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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