Conservative Exposure Predictions for Rapid Risk Assessment of Phase-Separated Additives in Medical Device Polymers

Vaishnavi Chandrasekar, Dustin W. Janes, David M. Saylor, Alan Hood, Akhil Bajaj, Timothy V. Duncan, Jiwen Zheng, Irada S. Isayeva, Christopher Forrey, Brendan J. Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel approach for rapid risk assessment of targeted leachables in medical device polymers is proposed and validated. Risk evaluation involves understanding the potential of these additives to migrate out of the polymer, and comparing their exposure to a toxicological threshold value. In this study, we propose that a simple diffusive transport model can be used to provide conservative exposure estimates for phase separated color additives in device polymers. This model has been illustrated using a representative phthalocyanine color additive (manganese phthalocyanine, MnPC) and polymer (PEBAX 2533) system. Sorption experiments of MnPC into PEBAX were conducted in order to experimentally determine the diffusion coefficient, D = (1.6 ± 0.5) × 10−11 cm2/s, and matrix solubility limit, Cs = 0.089 wt.%, and model predicted exposure values were validated by extraction experiments. Exposure values for the color additive were compared to a toxicological threshold for a sample risk assessment. Results from this study indicate that a diffusion model-based approach to predict exposure has considerable potential for use as a rapid, screening-level tool to assess the risk of color additives and other small molecule additives in medical device polymers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-24
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Color additive
  • Diffusion
  • Medical device
  • PEBAX
  • Risk assessment

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    Chandrasekar, V., Janes, D. W., Saylor, D. M., Hood, A., Bajaj, A., Duncan, T. V., Zheng, J., Isayeva, I. S., Forrey, C., & Casey, B. J. (2018). Conservative Exposure Predictions for Rapid Risk Assessment of Phase-Separated Additives in Medical Device Polymers. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 46(1), 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-017-1931-4