Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines on the Role of Prophylactic Anticonvulsants in the Treatment of Adults with Metastatic Brain Tumors

Clark C Chen, Robert C. Rennert, Jeffrey J. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TARGET POPULATIONS: Adults with solid brain metastases who have not experienced a seizure. QUESTION 1: Do prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) decrease the risk of seizures in nonsurgical patients with brain metastases who are otherwise seizure-free? RECOMMENDATION: Level 3: Prophylactic AEDs are not recommended for patients with brain metastases who did not undergo surgical resection and are otherwise seizure-free. QUESTION 2: Do prophylactic AEDs decrease the risk of seizures in patients with brain metastases and no prior history of seizures in the postoperative setting? RECOMMENDATION: Level 3: Routine postcraniotomy AED use for seizure-free patients with brain metastases is not recommended. The full guideline can be found at: https://www.cns.org/guidelines/guidelines-treatmentadults-metastatic-brain-tumors/chapter-8.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E195-E197
JournalClinical Neurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Brain Neoplasms
Anticonvulsants
Seizures
Guidelines
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Cerebral metastases
  • Craniotomy
  • Seizure

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines on the Role of Prophylactic Anticonvulsants in the Treatment of Adults with Metastatic Brain Tumors. / Chen, Clark C; Rennert, Robert C.; Olson, Jeffrey J.

In: Clinical Neurosurgery, Vol. 84, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. E195-E197.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "TARGET POPULATIONS: Adults with solid brain metastases who have not experienced a seizure. QUESTION 1: Do prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) decrease the risk of seizures in nonsurgical patients with brain metastases who are otherwise seizure-free? RECOMMENDATION: Level 3: Prophylactic AEDs are not recommended for patients with brain metastases who did not undergo surgical resection and are otherwise seizure-free. QUESTION 2: Do prophylactic AEDs decrease the risk of seizures in patients with brain metastases and no prior history of seizures in the postoperative setting? RECOMMENDATION: Level 3: Routine postcraniotomy AED use for seizure-free patients with brain metastases is not recommended. The full guideline can be found at: https://www.cns.org/guidelines/guidelines-treatmentadults-metastatic-brain-tumors/chapter-8.",
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