Conformational equilibrium of N-myristoylated cAMP-dependent protein kinase a by molecular dynamics simulations

Alessandro Cembran, Larry R. Masterson, Christopher L. McClendon, Susan S. Taylor, Jiali Gao, Gianluigi Veglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The catalytic subunit of protein kinase A (PKA-C) is subject to several post-or cotranslational modifications that regulate its activity both spatially and temporally. Among those, N-myristoylation increases the kinase affinity for membranes and might also be implicated in substrate recognition and allosteric regulation. Here, we investigated the effects of N-myristoylation on the structure, dynamics, and conformational equilibrium of PKA-C using atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. We found that the myristoyl group inserts into the hydrophobic pocket and leads to a tighter packing of the A-helix against the core of the enzyme. As a result, the conformational dynamics of the A-helix are reduced and its motions are more coupled with the active site. Our simulations suggest that cation-π interactions among W30, R190, and R93 are responsible for coupling these motions. Two major conformations of the myristoylated N-terminus are the most populated: a long loop (LL conformation), similar to Protein Data Bank (PDB) entry 1CMK, and a helix-turn-helix structure (HTH conformation), similar to PDB entry 4DFX, which shows stronger coupling between the conformational dynamics observed at the A-helix and active site. The HTH conformation is stabilized by S10 phosphorylation of the kinase via ionic interactions between the protonated amine of K7 and the phosphate group on S10, further enhancing the dynamic coupling to the active site. These results support a role of N-myristoylation in the allosteric regulation of PKA-C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10186-10196
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemistry
Volume51
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2012

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Conformational equilibrium of N-myristoylated cAMP-dependent protein kinase a by molecular dynamics simulations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this